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Procrastination Among Students in Institutes of Higher Learning: Challenges for K-Economy

Written by Noran Fauziah Yaakub (PhD) while serving at the School of Languages and Scientific Thinking, Universiti Utara Malaysia (2000).


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  4. Ellis, A. and Knaus, W. (1977). Overcoming Procrastination. Institute for Rational Living: New York.

  5. Ferrari, J.R. (1999). "Getting it done: Conquering procrastination depends on the delay pattern." Paper presented at the First Annual Conference on Counseling the Procrastinator in Academic Settings, Toronto, Canada, August 16-17,1999.

  6. Ferrari, J.R. and Emmons, R.A. (1994). Procrastination as revenge: Do people report using delays as a strategy for vengeance? Personality and Individual Differences, 17, 539-544.

  7. Ferrari, J.R., Johnson, J.L., and McCown, W.G. (1995). Procrastination and Task Avoidance. New York, N.Y: Plenum Press.

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  9. Higher Education Department. (2000). Brief Notes. Ministry of Education, Malaysia.

  10. Kalechstein, P., Hocevar, D., Zimmer, J.W. and Kalechestein, M. (1989). Procrastination over test preparation and test anxiety. In Schwarzer, Van der Plloeg, H.M. and Spielberger, C.D. (Eds.) Advances in Test Anxiety Research. Vol. 6, Swets and Zietler, B.V. Amsterdam/Lisse.

  11. Lay, C.H. (1988). The relationship of procrastination and optimism to judgments of time to complete an essay and anticipation of setbacks. Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 8: 647-662.

  12. Lay, C.H. and Burns, P. (1991). Intentions and behaviour in studying for an examination: The role of trait procrastination and its interaction with optimism. Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 6: 605-17.

  13. Lay, C.H. and Schouwenberg, H.C. (1993). Trait procrastination, time management, and academic behaviour. Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 8: 647-662.

  14. McCown, W.G. and Roberts, R. (1994). A Study of academic and work-related dysfunctioning relevant to the college version of an indirect measure of impulsive behaviour. Integra Technical Paper 94-98, Radnor, PA: Integra, Inc.

  15. Mohd. Salleh Masduki. (2000). "The importance of being ICT Literate: The role of MDC." Paper presented at the E-Revolution Conference, 25th August, 2000, Sunway Lagoon Resorts, Petaling Jaya.

  16. Rothblum, E.D., Solomon, L.J. and Murakami, J. (1986). Affective, cognitive and behavioural differences between high and low procrastinators. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33: 387-394.

  17. Salizman, L. (1979). Psychotherapy of the obsessional. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 33: 32-40.

  18. Solomon, L.J. and Rothblum, E.D. (1984). Academic Procrastination: Frequency and Cognitive-behavioural Correlates. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31: 504-510.

  19. Wesley, J.C. (1994). Effects of ability, high school achievement, and procrastinatory behaviour on college performance, Educational and Psychological Measurement 54: 404-408.

  20. Wolfe, R.N. and Johnson, S.D. (1995). Personality as a predictor of college performance. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 55: 177-185

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Email Dr. Noran Fauziah at drnoran@mahdzan.com

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